In his view, the distinction Masters and Johnson made between "conversion" helping gay men with no previous heterosexual experience to learn heterosexual sex and "reversion" directing men with some previous heterosexual experience back to heterosexuality was not well founded. Southern California Law Review. Retrieved June 2, Beginning in the s and continuing for roughly twenty years, major changes occurred in how analysts viewed homosexuality, which involved a shift in the rhetoric of analysts, some of whom felt free to ridicule and abuse their gay patients. Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 6 May Chris, a survivor of conversion therapy joined Andrews in calling for the Federal Government to outlaw conversion therapy, declaring that "praying the gay away nearly killed me.
During the three decades between Freud's death in and the Stonewall riots inconversion therapy received approval from most of the psychiatric establishment in the United States.
They also include homophobic and transphobic treatment paradigms, for example, pathologising LGBTI identity as a symptom of mental ill-health and using conversion therapies for same-sex attracted people also known as reparative therapy. Lyn Duff's petition to leave her mother was granted without court opinion. Inthe German Government declared itself completely opposed to conversion therapy. Inthe Royal College of Psychiatriststhe main professional organisation of psychiatrists in the UK, issued a report stating that: A 'treatment' with the only aim of changing sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual must be regarded as ethical malpractice, and has no place in the health system.
A small minority of therapists will even go so far as to attempt to change their client's sexual orientation. Inthe German Government declared itself completely opposed to conversion therapy. He writes that "Individuals undergoing such treatments do not emerge heterosexually inclined; rather they become shamed, conflicted, and fearful about their homosexual feelings. The AMA opposes the use of "reparative" or "conversion" therapy that is based upon the assumption that homosexuality is a mental disorder and that the patient should change his or her sexual orientation. Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory are also considering enacting laws to crack down on conversion therapy. The Society's position concludes by noting that it "is, of course, appropriate for psychologists to provide clinical services to clients who experience distress in regards to their sexual orientation Supporters of the change used evidence from researchers such as Kinsey and Evelyn Hooker.